Ukraine

Ukraine is one of the largest countries of eastern Europe. Ukraine occupies an area of 603,700 square kilometres. Its territory stretches for 893 kilometres from north to south and for 1,316 kilometres from east to west. It has state borders with Russia, Belarus and Moldova. It also borders on Poland, Czehia, Sloakia, Hungary and Romania. In the south it is washed by the Black and the Azov Seas.

The major part of Ukraine is flat and only 5% of it is mountainous. The two mountainous areas in Ukraine are the Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains. The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable because the country lies on the crossroads of the ways from Asia to Europe. Ukraine has deposits of iron, manganese, coal, natural gas, oil and other mineral resources.

The main branches of industry are: coal and ore mining, iron and steel engineering, machine and ship building. Besides, Ukraine has always been an agrarian country. Traditionally crop-growing and cattle-breeding are being developed.

There are dates and events in the life of our country that are memorable to every Ukrainian citizen. The dates of this kind are: the Victory Day, the May Day, the Constitution Day, the Women;s Day, the Independence Day. These are national holidays, people do not work on these days. The most memorable date is the Victory Day which is kept on the 9th of May. On this Day we celebrate the anniversary of the victory over fascism in World War II. The Women;s Day, which is celebrated on the 8th of March, is like Mother;s Day in Great Britain. On this day you can see many men buying or carrying flowers. Children give their mothers presents, or send them postcards if they are away from home. Recently new national holidays have appeared. They are of religious origin. They are: Christmas and Easter. In Ukraine Christmas is celebrated on the 7th of January. In Europe and in the USA it is celebrated on the 25th of December On Christmas people celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. Easter symbolizes the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Children like this holiday for traditional brightly painted eggs and special Easter cakes. Easter cakes are sold at every bakery, but home-made ones are always much tastier. There is one more holiday which is loved by everybody: children and adults. This is New Year;s Eve. People decorate New Year trees with toys and lights and believe that a miracle is a must on this day. On the New Year night people go to a dance, visit their friends or stay at home and watch TV. It;s my favourite holiday. And, of course, one of the main holidays of Ukraine is the Independence Day, celebrated on the 24th of August. On this day in 1991 the «Act of Independence of Ukraine» was proclaimed.





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