The Use Of Propaganda In The N

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.. ot allowed to join. Thus, without a licenseto practice their businesses, all artists, writers, publishers, producers, or directors could not work or do any business in their field. Also alongwith those quotas, came the prohibition of all Jewish newspapers, radio, andcinema. Part of Hitler's master plan was to have his nation to become themost powerful country in the world; an Aryan nation, that is.

Without a doubt, that requires more Aryans. As a part of this theory, the fuhrer, with muchassistance form Goebbles, began a new campaign. This time, it was aimed atwomen. Hitler wanted to encourage good health and child birth among women. There were two things that constituted this: having women take on a nursing, house-wife role and for them to make time for activity, such as sports. However, it would not be easy to entice women to compromise on giving up what they consideredto be a trim figure

Hitler needed to replace the traditional fit look forwomen with a more substantial motherly looking image (Seymour Rossel, The Holocaust:The World and the Jews, 1933-1945 84). Workers in the arts industry were urgedto use such women in their work. Hitler even granted an award to any Germanwoman who gave birth to six or more children. SS troops were given instructionsto marry blond-haired, blue-eyed women who had not yet received the Reich sportsaward. The family life campaign soon branched off to another important issue, education. For if Germany were to be flooded with Aryan children they hadto get the 'right' education and to be taught by the 'right' teachers: Naziteachers.

Therefore, the German school systems discharged all Jewish and non-Naziteachers. At that point, 97% of the teachers in Germany belonged to the NaziTeachers Association. Textbooks and children's books, as well, had heavymilitary and anti-Semitic overtones. A modern bomber can carry 1,800 incendiaries. How long is the path along which it can distribute these bombs if it dropsa bomb every second at a speed of 250 kilometers per hour? How far apart arethe craters? - The New Order, p. 103 Some children's bookseven intimidated Nazi members, because they were so biased that they werehorrifying.

Perhaps the author that best exemplifies this was the notoriouslyrelentless and obsessive anti-Semite, Julius Streicher. Born in Fleinhausen, Bavaria in 1885, Streicher was a German politician and journalist. He wasone of the earliest and most extremist members of the Nazi party. In fact, he even participated in Hitler's 1923 rebellion. He is best known, though, for his notoriously rabid anti-Semitism displayed in his books and newspapers. Some of is works include The Poisonous Mushroom, a children's book, and 'DerSt`ormer,' a Nazi newspaper.

While his works appalled even some Nazis, Hitlerwas intrigued by his 'skillful and amusing campaign.' With the campaignaimed at children, the Nazis integrated both anti-Semitic ideology and encouragedchildren to join the Hitler Youth, for boys, and the League of German Girls, for girls. Indeed, the enrollment rate was very high, but the storm of childrenjoining the two youth organizations were not all going for their hatred towardJews. Rather, many saw it as a good opportunity to go camping, make friends(activities which the to organizations did, in fact, often do); in a way, theequivalent of our Boy/Girl Scouts of America Organization. Billboards, poster, leaflets, and flyers were everywhere. Some were aimed at the adult population, some at children. Most commonly, they were to urge the public to join Hitler'scrusade, for there was a job and a place for everybody.

The Nazi's offeredmen jobs in Hitler's army. If they were inexperienced, they offered trainingcamps, seminars, and classes, in which they were taught everything from militarymaneuvers to how to identify a Jew. As effective of the other forms ofNazi propaganda were, the best results came from the media: newspapers, radio, and film. Control of the media was the key to gaining control of the people'sminds. Joseph Goebbles took the first step to assuming full control of thenews-wire services. He then merged the different wire-services into the GermanNews Bureau.

This allowed him to control the distribution of news at its source. Now that the Nazis had full control of the news circulation in Germany, theybegan making laws pertaining to it. For example, in 1933, Goebbles institutedthe Editor's Law. This stated that all newspapers had to go through his ministry. Accordingly, the editors were responsible for every picture and word in theirpublication, and if Goebbles did not like what was being printed, the editorswould be punished. Although, they would most commonly lose their jobs, Goebbles, on occasion, would have the person sent to a concentration camp. His regulationson new circulation so limited the liberty of the reporter, that daily pressconferences were often held.

There, Goebbles would dictate what should bewritten in the article and how it should look. Unfortunately for the Nazis, much of the population of Germany stopped reading newspapers, altogether, for they already knew what would be written. Since Goebbles realizedhe could not brainwash the people just through the newspaper, he then tookover radio communication. By making sure stores kept a plentiful stock ofinexpensive radios, a record seventy percent of German families owned at leastone radio. If in the event that a family did not own one, the Nazis encouragedgathering in groups at home, at work, and at eating places to listen to thebroadcasts.

With over a quarter of a typical day's broadcasting time beingreserved solely for Nazi propaganda, the people became very vulnerable to whatthey heard. To be sure not one person was without the privilege of listeningto daily broadcastings, the Nazis had loud speakers installed all over thecountry. Goebbles also seized control of the cinemas. Still a fairly newconcept, motion pictures were very popular among the Germans. The Nazis beganmaking both movies and documentaries with extremely anti-Semitic messages. There were documentaries that were merely intended for the glorification ofthe Nazis, while other were tasteless, explicit movies based on mere blatantlies and biases produced by the Nazis and other anti-Semitic organizations. Some were so anti-Semitic that the actors requested that a telegraph be sentout publicizing that they themselves were not really Jewish.

Despite the horrifyingmotion-picture campaigning, countless numbers attended these films. By now, the German population was predominantly anti-Semitic. Stage one of the Nazis'plan was done. However, Nazi missionaries began coming over to the UnitedStates. Although quickly deported, they left behind their ideas. Organizationssuch as the Christian Front and the German-American Bund were formed and stronglysupported the Nazis.

Newsletters and leaflets were being mass produced throughoutthe country. Luckily the majority of Americans retained their morals and acceptanceof Jews. In their quest for both world and racial domination, the Naziscovered all possible territory/subject-matter, and all possible means of accomplishingtheir goal. They monopolized and strictly monitored all branches of the communicationsand media industry. By doing this, the Nazis only allowed the people to hearwhat they wanted them to hear, and nothing more.

In the midst of a major economicdepression, the German people were both vulnerable and desperate, and the unemploymentrate was very high. Thus, many people had nothing else to do beside listento the radio and read the newspaper. Naturally, there was no commercial orindustrial market, almost everything fitting into those two categories wasfailing, so it was not difficult to take over. Hitler's plan was working verywell. Reflecting on the manner in which the term 'propaganda' is used inthis paper, it could be understandable why one could see the word as a negativeterm.

Even though the dictionary defines 'propaganda' as publicity to eitherfurther or damage one's cause, I am unable to picture myself defining Hitler'spublicity scheme as merely marketing, promotion, or advertising. Rather, Isee it as a disgusting form of 'disinformation' (See, p. 1). In conclusion, even though the word, 'propaganda,' can be used in reference to either positiveor negative campaigning, it is how we have come to, most often, identify ideologywhich we do not approve of or think not to be true. WorksCitedAusubel, Nathan. Pictorial History of the Jewish People.

NewYork: Crown Publishers,1953.Goldhagen, Daniel. Hitler's WillingExecutioners. New York: Random House, 1996.Goldhagen, Daniel. PersonalInterview. 25 December 1996.'Holocaust.' World Book Encyclopedia. Http://haven. ios. com/~kimel19/index. h tml#index. Internet.

AT&T Worldnet Service, Vrs. 3.0. Windows 95, disk. Levin, Nora. The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry. New York: SchockenBooks, 1973Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. Computer software. Microsoft Corporation, 1996. Windows 95, 6.39 MB, CD-ROM. Rossel, Seymour.

The Holocaust: The World and the Jews, 1933-1945. West Orange: Behrman House, 1992.

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