PUBLIC SCHOOL BUDGET. PUBLIC SCHOOL BUDGET. Term Paper ID:26248 Buy This Paper Essay Subject: Reviews steps & procedures for developing & implementing two-year budget for public school district, focusing on site-based management.... 10 Pages / 2250 Words 10 sources, 10 Citations, APA Format 40.00 Paper Abstract: Reviews steps & procedures for developing & implementing two-year budget for public school district, focusing on site-based management.Paper Introduction: DEVELOPMENT & IMPLEMENTATION OF A TWO-YEAR BUDGET FOR A PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT Introduction This research reviews the steps and procedures involved in the development and implementation of a two-year budget for a public school district. Neither an actual nor a prototype budget for a public school district is developed in this research. Rather, a description and explanation of the process, together with a discussion and evaluation of relevant issues, are presented.
Assumptions for the Public School District The public school district’s budget function is a split calendar year process that extends over a 24-month period. Thus, the budget developed in the first-half of 1999 finances t The model of school, family, and community partnerships, according toEpstein, 1995), must locate "the student at the center.
Reyes (1994) pointed-out, however, that legal issues also surroundbudget control through SBM. Full-funding for all resources will not be released atone time at the beginning of the budgetary period.
Eachschool receives a foundation allocation for basic administrative operationand a weighted student allocation based on the characteristics of students. Rather, substantial reductions in expenditure levels also will be made in relationto performance areas where appropriate.
B. The performance budget format adopted by the district, thus, providesboth supporters and opponents of specific educational functions withammunition to either defend or oppose the performance of the function bypublic school district. In some cases communitymembers, parents, students, and a broad range of school personnel areinvolved in making decisions that affect their schools.
The conduct of public hearings and providing forpublic /family/community partnerships:Caring for the children we share. 8. This disadvantage would make itsomewhat difficult to assess the district's performance budget for 1999-2 1. (1997 November). Sielke (1997) recommended that SBM should be used to evaluate theeffectiveness of programs and to recommend continued funding for programs, with the ultimate decision authority remaining with the districtadministration.
Phi Delta Kappan, 75(3),245-252. By contrast, many educatorscontend that the most of new resources are directed toward children whorequire special education (Odden, et al., 1995).
Budgetary performance will be monitored and evaluatedsemi-annually. 7.
The Board of Education, however, will address this issue of assessingthe performance based budget by directing that the district administrationstaff develop specific performance measurement criteria for each school andspecial service department within the district. Odden, et al. b. b.
7 5). (1995)observed that: "Everyone wants to know more about education dollars and howthey are spent.
While the performance budget adopted by the public school districtpermits the district administration to fund and justify broad objectives, as opposed to the need to justify each minute expenditures for specificitems, the budget format has a down-side for rate payers. (1995, May). Contingency plans will be made to deal with shortfallsin budget revenues. Midgley, C., & Wood, S.
Phi Delta Kappan, 76(9), 7 1-712. Odden, A.
, Monk, D., Nakib, Y., & Picus, L.
Budget Type for the Public School District The type of budget to be prepared for the public school district isrecommended by the district administration and approved by the Board ofeducation. ERICdocument ED379753. The disadvantage of this budget format is that itmakes no effort to state how specific functions will be carried out.
Rather, the performance budget developed by the public school district juststates that they will be performed. C. Further, "there isno guarantee for the effectiveness of decentralized budgeting practices.
A summary of the budget document will be provided tomedia outlets and public libraries in the public school district'sjurisdiction. American SchoolBoard Journal, 4-5. and that they do notspend their resources wisely" (p. Most educators and a large portion of the public believethat the country has been too frugal in providing dollars for education. Others believe that the schools have enough money...
Amodified decentralized process is advocated, which strikes a balancebetween total decentralization/deregulation and a meaningful site-basedbudgeting and decision-making process" (Reyes, 1994, p. The legal implications of site-based budgeting. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Organization on LegalProblems of Education.
1). (1993, November).
School, family, and community partnerships cannotsimply produce successful students. c. O., & Levine, D. (1995 October).
B. The problemarises in that many functions performed by the district support multipleprograms conducted by the district. 5.
(199 February). Resource requirements, together with the strategyalternatives for assuring the accessibility of such resources, will beranked by priority.
According to Reyes (1994) the "major legal implications forsite-based budgeting include: (1) preserving fiscal accountability; (2)maintaining economies of scale and district efficiency; (3) maintaining theintegrity of categorical services; and (4) possible liability of themembers of decision-making bodies" (p. The process must define measurable results, specify the needed resources, use that information to monitor progress andoperations, and evaluate the effectiveness of the program. In other cases SBMsimply means moving away from strict top-down decision making and givingsome of those on the bottom a chance to participate in the process. Regardless of the form taken by SBM in application, the link between SBMand improved educational experiences for students appears to rest on anassumption that, by giving control over decisions to those closest to theprocess, teaching and learning will automatically improve (Taylor & Levine,1991).
By allocating funds to specific functions, the district's 1999-2 1budget will allow the rate-paying public to see exactly what it costs tohave a specific function performed by district. Neither an actual nor a prototype budget for a public schooldistrict is developed in this research.
One conclusion reached by astudy in Texas was that an increase in local control "could conceivably begained at the expense of centralized economies, fiscal accountability, andconstitutional and civil rights" (Reyes, 1994, p. In essence, thedistrict will budget functions, as opposed to the separate items that arerequired to perform those functions.
Development & Implementation of A Two-Year Budget for A Public School District Introduction This research reviews the steps and procedures involved in thedevelopment and implementation of a two-year budget for a public schooldistrict. The Question of Decentralized Budgeting The issue of decentralized budgeting by public school districts isassociated with the concept of site-based management (SBM). The assumption is that the 1999-2 1 budget for the publicschool district will be a performance budget, in that the emphasis in thebudget will be placed on the functions to be performed by the district.
The district's performance budget for 1999-2 1 will be an incrementalbudget, as it will be based, in part, on past budgets. Decentralized