Herpes simplex: Type 2

Sample essay topic, essay writing: Herpes-simplex: Type 2 - 452 words

Herpes-Simplex: Type 2 Herpes is a name that is used to describe several types of skineruptions that are characterized by formation of blisters. The term embracesprimarily two distinct disorders, herpes simplex and herpes zoster, both causedby viruses. Together, these 'herpes' viruses are estimated to cause more humanillnesses than any other group of viruses. Two types of herpes simplex are known. The first causes cold sores orfever blisters, which is an eruption of blisters that often occurs during thecourse of or after one of a variety of diseases that eventually cause fever(most commonly average colds, the flu, and pneumonia). The blisters usuallyappear around the mouth and on the lips (herpes labialis), about the nose, face, and ears, and in the mouth and pharynx. The causative virus has been shown to bepresent in the cell bodies of the facial nerve in persons who do not haveblisters.

It is this reservoir of latent virus that is the source of repeatedattacks. Except for lotions to relieve pain, itching, or inflammation, noestablished treatmemt has actually been developed. The second type of the herpes simplex virus, however, is the usual causeof genital herpes. Herpes infections of the genital area have becomeincreasingly common, going along with a rise in general of many sexuallytransmitted diseases. Sometimes accompanied by headache and fever, the conditionusually begins with a mild itching, followed by the development of clusters ofblisters that break and crust to form scabs that eventually dry up

The processmay last one to three weeks. In many cases new clusters of blisters appear asothers heal. When a baby is born to a woman who has active genital herpeslesions, the infant is at high risk of contracting an infection that is oftenfatal, so these women usually have their babies delivered by a cesarian section. Primary cases of genital herpes can be treated by a drug called acyclovir, whichwas approved in 1982 and in another form, that is to be taken orally rather thanused in an ointment form, in 1984. It also has been proving useful againstrecurrent attacks. The virus can also invade the central nervous system, or CNS, especiallyin people who are weakened by other diseases, such as cancer, causing a severecase of encephalitis.

Early treatment of herpetic encephalitis with the drugacyclovir can prevent death and brain damage in many cases. How can herpes be prevented? Because the disease is transmitted mostoften through bodily fluids, the simpliest protection is to simply protectyourself. During sex, one of the partners should definitely be wearing acondom, and that alone will greatly cut down an individual's chances ofacquiring the virus of herpes-simplex type-2.BIBLIOGRAPHY1. Sol Gordon. Facts About STD:Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Ed-U-Press, NewYork City.

Copyright 19832. Ronald J. Glasser. The Body Is the Hero. Random House, New York CityCopyright 1976.

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