Ernest Hemingway – Сustom Literature essay
Sample - 1407 words essay topic, essay writing: Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, inOak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperousreal estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted toErnest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which hewould not accept money. He believed that one should notprofit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest's father, a man of high ideals, was very strict andcensored the books he allowed his children to read.
Heforbad Ernest's sister from studying ballet for it wascoeducational, and dancing together led to 'hell anddamnation'. Grace Hall Hemingway, Ernest's mother, considered herself pure and proper. She was a dreamerwho was upset at anything which disturbed her perception ofthe world as beautiful. She hated dirty diapers, upsetstomachs, and cleaning house; they were not fit for a lady. She taught her children to always act with decorum. Sheadored the singing of the birds and the smell of flowers
Herchildren were expected to behave properly and to pleaseher, always. Mrs. Hemingway treated Ernest, when he wasa small boy, as if he were a female baby doll and shedressed him accordingly. This arrangement was alright untilErnest got to the age when he wanted to be a 'gun-totingPawnee Bill'. He began, at that time, to pull away from hismother, and never forgave her for his humiliation.
The townof Oak Park, where Ernest grew up, was very old fashionedand quite religious. The townspeople forbad the word'virgin' from appearing in school books, and the word'breast' was questioned, though it appeared in the Bible. Ernest loved to fish, canoe and explore the woods. When hecouldn't get outside, he escaped to his room and readbooks. He loved to tell stories to his classmates, ofteninsisting that a friend listen to one of his stories. In spite of hismother's desire, he played on the football team at Oak ParkHigh School.
As a student, Ernest was a perfectionist abouthis grammar and studied English with a fervor. Hecontributed articles to the weekly school newspaper. Itseems that the principal did not approve of Ernest's writingsand he complained, often, about the content of Ernest'sarticles. Ernest was clear about his writing; he wantedpeople to 'see and feel' and he wanted to enjoy himselfwhile writing. Ernest loved having fun. If nothing washappening, mischievous Ernest made something happen. Hewould sometimes use forbidden words just to create aruckus.
Ernest, though wild and crazy, was a warm, caringindividual. He loved the sea, mountains and the stars andhated anyone who he saw as a phoney. During World WarI, Ernest, rejected from service because of a bad left eye, was an ambulance driver, in Italy, for the Red Cross. Verymuch like the hero of A Farewell to Arms, Ernest is shot inhis knee and recuperates in a hospital, tended by a caringnurse named Agnes. Like Frederick Henry, in the book, hefell in love with the nurse and was given a medal for hisheroism. Ernest returned home after the war, rejected by thenurse with whom he fell in love.
He would party late into thenight and invite, to his house, people his parents disapprovedof. Ernest's mother rejected him and he felt that he had tomove from home. He moved in with a friend living inChicago and he wrote articles for The Toronto Star. InChicago he met and then married Hadley Richardson. Shebelieved that he should spend all his time in writing, andbought him a typewriter for his birthday.
They decided thatthe best place for a writer to live was Paris, where he coulddevote himself to his writing. He said, at the time, that themost difficult thing to write about was being a man. Theycould not live on income from his stories and so Ernest, again, wrote for The Toronto Star. Ernest took Hadley toItaly to show her where he had been during the war. He wasdevastated, everything had changed, everything wasdestroyed. Hadley became pregnant and was sick all thetime. She and Ernest decided to move to Canada. He had, by then written three stories and ten
poems. Hadley gavebirth to a boy who they named John Hadley NicanoHemingway. Even though he had his family Ernest wasunhappy and decided to return to Paris.
It was in Paris thatErnest got word that a publisher wanted to print his book, InOur Time, but with some changes. The publisher felt that thesex was to blatant, but Ernest refused to change one word. Around 1925, Ernest started writing a novel about a youngman in World War I, but had to stop after a few pages, andproceeded to write another novel, instead. This novel wasbased on his experiences while living in Pamplona, Spain. He planned on calling this book Fiesta, but changed thename to
The Sun Also Rises, a saying from the Bible. Thisbook, as in his other books, shows Hemingway obsessedwith death. In 1927, Ernest found himself unhappy with hiswife and son. They decided to divorce and he marriedPauline, a woman he had been involved with while he wasmarried to Hadley.
A year later, Ernest was able tocomplete his war novel which he called A Farewell to Arms. The novel was about the pain of war, of finding love in thistime of pain. It portrayed the battles, the retreats, the fears, the gore and the terrible waste of war. This novel waswell-received by his publisher, Max Perkins, but Ernest hadto substitute dashes for the 'dirty' language. Ernest used hislife when he wrote; using everything he did and everythingthat ever happened to him. He nevertheless remained aprivate person; wanting his stories to be read but wanting tobe left alone.
He once said, 'Don't look at me. Look at mywords.' A common theme throughout Hemingway's storiesis that no matter how hard we fight to live, we end updefeated, but we are here and we must go on. At age 31 hewrote Death in the Afternoon, about bullfighting in hisbeloved Spain. Ernest was a restless man; he traveled allover the United States, Europe, Cuba and Africa. At the ageof 37 Ernest met the woman who would be his third wife;Martha Gellhorn, a writer like himself. He went to Spain, hesaid, to become an 'antiwar correspondent', and found thatwar was like a club where everyone was playing the samegame, and he was never lonely. Martha went to Spain as awar correspondent and they lived together.
He knew that hewas hurting Pauline, but like his need to
travel and have newexperiences, he could not stop himself from getting involvedwith women. In 1940 he wrote For Whom the Bell Tollsand dedicated it to Martha, whom he married at the end ofthat year. He found himself traveling between Havana, Cubaand Ketchum, Idaho, which he did for the rest of his life. During World War II, Ernest became a secret agent for theUnited States. He suggested that he use his boat, the 'Pillar',to surprise German submarines and attack them with hiddenmachine guns. It was at this time that Ernest, always adrinker, started drinking most of his days away. He wouldhost wild, fancy parties and did not write at all during thenext three years. At war's end, Ernest went to England andmet an American foreign correspondent named MaryWelsh.
He divorced Martha and married Mary in Havana, in1946. Ernest was a man of extremes; living either in luxuryor happy to do without material things. Ernest, alwayshaunted by memories of his mother, would not go to herfuneral when she died in 1951. He admitted that he hated hismother's guts. Ernest wrote The Old Man and the Sea inonly two months. He was on top of the world, the book wasprinted by Life Magazine and thousands of copies were soldin the United States.
This novel and A Farewell to Armswere both made into movies. In 1953 he went on a safariwith Mary, and he was in
heaven hunting big game. ThoughErnest had a serious accident, and later became ill, he couldnever admit that he had any weaknesses; nothing would stophim, certainly not pain. In 1954 he won the Nobel Prize forLiterature. Toward the end, Ernest started to travel again, but almost the way that someone does who knows that hewill soon die.
He suddenly started becoming paranoid and toforget things. He became obsessed with sin; his upbringingwas showing, but still was inconsistent in his behavior. Henever got over feeling like a bad person, as his father, mother and grandfather had taught him. In the last year of hislife, he lived inside of his dreams, similar to his mother, whohe hated with all his heart. He was suicidal and had electricshock treatments for his depressio...
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