Black Friday: Tornado In Canada – Сustom Literature essay

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Black Friday: Tornado in Canada 'The roof was caving in and I thought I was going to die. It was likeyour worst nightmare!' said Mary Grandish. Most people think they will die whenthey see, or hear of a tornado heading their way. Although all the details of the formation of a tornado are not yetunderstood, it is known that tornados are the result of great instability in theatmosphere and often appear during severe thunderstorms (see appendix #1 for ascientific explaination on how it really starts). Strong updrafts present insevere thunderstorms result in a rotational momentum. Falling rain and/or snowprobably drags air from aloft when it comes falling down. The combination ofsevere thunderstorms and sweltering heat are the breeding grounds for atornados' formation.

The first sign of a tornado is a strong dust whirlwindalong with a funnel growing from the storm cloud. A more organized funneldescends farther from the cloud, sometimes even touching the ground. Funnelwinds generally move counterclockwise and the funnel can move slowly or at about100/ft per second. Eventually the tornado becomes fragmented and dissipatescausing the end of the tornado. Tornados are the cause of great destruction and devistation in the areain which they occur

For example the Tri-State Tornado of 1925 occured in theKansas, Oklahoma, and Texas States. This tornado was one of the largesttornados recorded in history. It killed nearly 625 people. However, thetornado which strikes closest to home has occured on what Canadians have come toknow as 'BLACK FRIDAY'. The tornado of 'Black Friday' touched down on July 31st, 1987 at 2:59 pm.(See appendix #2 for the torndo path).

(See appendix #'s 4&5 for maps locatingthe disaster sights). 27 people were killed; 25 people died during the tornadoand 2 died later in the hospital. Hundreds of other people were injured andthousands were left homeless. Edmontonians faced a horrible natural phenomenonwhich destroyed homes, farms, and businesses. (See appendix #3 for a picture ofwhat it looked like after the tornado struck up the street).

More than 25 autodealers faced a loss of more than $100,000 worth of cars, which were struck byhail measurihg at up to 10 inches in circumference. Not only were auto dealers'cars affected, but many other privately owned cars were damaged to varyingdegrees. The Kennedale storm sewer overloaded and outfall collapsed, whichcaused many people to call in complaining of flooded basements. Damageestimites were listed at between $150-$300 million dollars. $20 million dollarsdamage was done to Evergreen Mobile Home Trailer Park; $50-$70 million dollarsdamage to residential areas across the Millwoods and Clareview areas; $6-$8million dollars damage to the Transalta Utilities power equipment consisted of: 49 - 240,000 volt double circuit steel towers 17 - 138,000 volt double circuit steel towers 134 - 138,000 volt single circuit wooden structures Although there is no way to stop a tornado, there is a way to preventdeath and limit personal loss. People should get into the lowest level in theirhome, apartment, or trailer.

The reason for this is that if you go into yourbasement when the tornado hits you will have less of a chance of getting suckedup into it. People should tune into all radio, T. V. and other forms ofcommunication to recieve warnings of the tornado and its movements so people canbe prepared and take cover until it passes. We should ensure that all theschools and community buildings are open for people to seek shelter if they arecaught out of doors when the tornado threatens. Tornados affect tens of thousands of people and cause wide spreaddestruction to any thing they come in contact with.

'Black Friday' will beremembered in the hearts and minds of most Edmontonians as the greatest, tragicevent ever to occur locally. The power of nature continues to astound us andmakes us aware of how fragile mankinds existance really is.

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