J. D. Salinger is an American author best known for The Catcher in the Rye, a classic novel that has enjoyed enduring popularity since its publication in 1951. A major theme in Salinger's work is the strong yet delicate mind of "disturbed" adolescents, and the redemptive capacity of children in the lives of such young men. Salinger is also known for his reclusive nature; he has not given an interview since 1980, and has not made a public appearance, nor published any new work (at least under his own name), since 1965. In the mid 1990s, there was a flurry of excitement when a small publisher announced a deal with Salinger to bring out the first book version of his final published story, "Hapworth 16, 1924," but amid the ensuing publicity, Salinger quickly withdrew from the arrangement.
S. Bellow was an acclaimed Canadian-born American writer. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1976. Bellow is best known for writing novels that investigate isolation, spiritual dissociation, and the possibilities of human awakening. Bellow drew inspiration from Chicago, his adopted city, and he set much of his fiction there. His works exhibit a mix of high and low culture, and his fictional characters are also a potent mix of intellectual dreamers and street-smart confidence men. While on a Guggenheim fellowship in Paris, he wrote most of his best-known novel, The Adventures of Augie March (1953).
J. Baldwin. Wrote about struggle of Blacks for their rights. Rising anger in 1950-60s – 1st autobiographical novel “Go, tell it on the mountain” Young hero searches for cultural and ethnic identity and religious faith. Some of such works supported violence and called for revenge