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Rating 40.00 More Papers on This Topic Paper Abstract: Causes, stereotypes, treatment options, recovery process, 12-step programs, prevention, intervention, research. Paper Introduction: Alcoholism: A Survey Introduction Anyone who reads the newspaper, watches television or the movies, or is aware of popular culture, can recognize that drugs are considered a serious problem, leading to crime, ruined lives, and early death. It is not as obvious that alcoholism remains a problem directly affecting about 14 million people in this country and indirectly affecting a sizeable minority of the population (Knapp, 1999). Alcoholism is the equal opportunity problem that can baffle family friends, doctors, and the psychiatric establishment.
It affects the rich and famous, as well as the poor (Baugh, 1999). It can kill children of the powerful, even when the experts are all exerting their efforts to help someone recover (McGovern, Many of the more visible substance abusers, however, begin theirrecovery process in holding cells, hospitals, and recovery centers. These contributed toboth a low level of response to alcohol at age 2 years and a higher riskof alcoholism by age 35 years.
author discussed many of the variablesthat could be included in measures of risk, including numerous family andsocial environment factors.
The authors concluded that the interventions were certainly beneficialin terms of improving the children's functioning, including coping skills, emotional processing, and social support. McGovern, G.
In addition, there is potentialvalue in studying the cellular mechanisms of alcohol, with particularattention to adenelyl cyclase and other similar systems. (1996). They are factors thatinvolve more than one gene, or involve incomplete express, and may combinewith environmental factors to increase prevalence. The American Journal ofNursing, 96(9), 15.
As aconsequence, the idea of treating it like a disease, and curing it withdrugs, is rejected by many who feel that it should require hard work on thepart of the alcoholic. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 6 (2), 252-26 . Schuckit (1999) noted that there are additional factors that need tobe researched more fully. Alcohol withdrawal? Alcoholism is the equal opportunity problem that can baffle familyfriends, doctors, and the psychiatric establishment.
The American Journal of Nursing, 98(8), 2 -21. Yet, they are beingincreasingly utilized, particularly among young people at-risk forincreasing their substance abuse, and unable to succeed in traditionalprograms. Gorman, M. Randall, C.
L., Roberts, J.
S., Del Boca, F. K.
, Carroll, K. M. Beneath the glitter.
They noted that alcohol problems are not really higher among ethnicminorities than among European-Americans, but that stereotypes continue toaffect our perceptions. They also provided the childrenwith good information about alcoholism itself. (1996). Perhaps the best thedrugs can do is to reduce that craving, which might allow the individual todo the hard work of building a more satisfying life.
Schuckit (1999) noted, however, that the wide range of geneticfactors associated with alcoholism risk means that there probably willnever be one single, definitive treatment for every person. Krach, P. (1998). Swift, R.
M. Alcoholism: A Survey Introduction Anyone who reads the newspaper, watches television or the movies, oris aware of popular culture, can recognize that drugs are considered aserious problem, leading to crime, ruined lives, and early death.
Pediatrics, 1 3(5), 1128-1144. Anotherfactor may be stress, which is an environmental factor that is not easilyaltered. For many of the more subtle alcoholics, doctors and nurses mayprovide an important service by learning more about the signs whichindicate possible alcohol abuse in their patients.
Family, friends, and health care professionals cannot necessarily convince theindividual that alcohol treatment is desirable. In fact, estimates are that 3 million people over the age of 65 abuse alcohol. (1999). One of the problems of alcohol abuse inthe elderly is that it is often confused with problems of aging, or withmedication effects.
The intention in the following pages isto provide a brief summary of current thinking on the causes and treatmentsfor alcoholism. Fine-tuning predictive instruments is a firststep. Thus, nurses in oncology wereparticularly prone to binge drinking, along with nurses in administration.
On the other hand, emergency nurses were more likely to use cocaine(Trinkoff and Storr, 1998). And Storr, C. L. In one study specifically designed to inform pediatricians aboutprograms for children of alcoholics, Emshoff and Price (1999) reviewed theliterature dealing with those programs for information about their utility.
Pediatrics, 1 3(5), 1112-1121. (1999).Telescoping of landmark events associated with drinking: A gendercomparison. They reach thefinal stages of alcoholism at an earlier age and they may drink for a muchshorter period of time before drinking alcoholically (Randall, et al.
,1999) They have different symptoms than male drinkers and experiencegreater difficulties in recovering from alcohol abuse unless provided withsupportive services. (1999).
For example, avariation of ALDH2 provides some protection to Asians and Jewish people, because it leads to adverse reactions to even low doses of alcohol. The glass half empty. Prevention and interventionstrategies with children of alcoholics. Such things as sweats, chanting, dancing, and religious ceremoniesmay be utilized in working with any individual or group (Group for theAdvancement of Psychiatry, 1996). (1998).
Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Week, 11(2), 5. Baugh, L. The NewEngland Journal of Medicine, 34 (19), 1482-149 . Since not enough is yetknown about alcoholism to be able to predict who will drink alcoholically, this is risky in itself. One of the stereotypes that hurts a significant group of people is thestereotype of alcoholism as primarily a young person's disease.
On theother hand, low response levels, which are associated with alcoholism, seemto be connected to the LL allele of the serontonin transporter gene and thegamma-aminobutryric acid sub A(alpha)6 receptor gene.
6,19:2. Treatment possibilities The standard treatment of choice for most alcoholics at this point intime has been a drying-out process, followed by complete abstinence fromalcohol use and attendance at 12-step recovery meetings. This means that pediatricians and elementary school teachers areimportant to the process of treating substance abuse, along with moretraditional groups.
These different treatments might include what are currently beingcalled "harm reduction" strategies. Defying denial: Clues to detecting alcoholabuse. In a recent review article, MarcSchuckit (1999) examined some of the genetic influences which lead to threeor four-fold higher prevalence of the disorder in first-degree relatives ofalcoholics or eight-fold higher prevalence in identical twins ofalcoholics. Instead, there are a number of issuesthat are considered as being elements of the problem.
The causes of alcoholism There is generally no one thing that experts point to and declare thatit is the sole cause of alcoholics. (1999).
For example, he noted that while study of lparticular polymorphism related to an opioid receptor gene was negative, there is still the possibility of some connection. de Miranda, J.
Still, providing educational services forchildren, in general, could be helpful, and providing services to childrenof alcoholics might be even more beneficial. They start from the premise that alcoholism is a chronicproblem that has many different causal factors, including genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors. In contradistinction to traditionalabstinence-based models, harm reduction strategies acknowledge that someindividuals may not succeed in completely ceasing substance abuse.
Ultimately, prevention and early intervention are the best forms oftreatment.
And Price, A. W. Outcome measures of interventions in the studyof children of substance-abusing parents. Nursing, 28(2), 25. These associations have included genetic, physiological, cultural, andeconomic factors.
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