A few Scientific verses in Qura’n

This is the age of science and facts. Since, from the day one of its creation the man has always sought to understand the nature. In its pursuance for the truth spanning over many centuries, the diverse civilizations and the organized religion has shaped the human life very much throughout the course of history. Since many of the religions are based on books, believed to be of the divine origins, by their believers.

Al-Qur'an, the main source of the Islamic faith, is a book believed by Muslims, to be of completely Divine origin. Muslims also believe that it contains guidance for all mankind. Since the message of the Qur'an is believed to be for all times, it should be relevant to every age. Does the Qur'an passes this test? In this short article, I intend to give an objective analysis of the Muslim belief regarding the Divine origin of the Qur'an, in the light of established scientific discoveries/facts. Following is a register for the science-concerning verses the Holy Qur'an contains. There are no les than 6,666 verses in total. But there are approximately 1,000 verses speaking about the scientific facts. Some of them are given below.

1. Astronomy

The Creation of the universe; "the big bang"

"Do not the Unbelievers see That the heavens and the earth Were joined together (as one Unit of Creation), before We clove them asunder?| [Al-Qur'an 21]

There was an initial gaseous mass before the creation of galaxies

"Moreover, He Comprehended In His design the sky, And it had been (as) smoke: He said to it And to the earth: 'Come ye together, Willingly or unwillingly.' They said: 'We do come (Together), in willing obedience.' [Al-Qur'an 41]

The spherical shape of the earth

"Seest thou not that Allah merges Night into Day And He merges Day into Night?" [Al-Qur'an 31]

"He created the heavens And the earth In true (proportions): He makes the Night Overlap the Day, and the Day Overlap the Night." [Al-Qur'an 39]

"And the earth, moreover, Hath He made egg shaped."[Al-Qur'an


The light of the moon is reflected light

"Blessed is He Who made Constellations in the skies, And placed therein a Lamp And a Moon giving light." [Al-Qur'an 25]

"It is He who made the sun To be a shining glory And the moon to be a light (Of beauty)." [Al-Qur'an 10]

"See ye not How Allah has created The seven heavens One above another, “And made the moon A light in their midst, and made the sun As a (Glorious) Lamp?" [Al-Qur'an 71:15-16]

The sun rotates

"It is He Who created The Night and the Day, And the sun and the moon: All (the celestial bodies) Swim along, each in its Rounded course." [Al-Qur'an 21]

"It is not permitted To the Sun to catch up The Moon, nor can The Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along In (its own) orbit (According to Law)." [Al-Qur’aan 36]

The sun will extinguished after a certain period

"And the Sun Runs its course For a period determined For it; that is The decree of (Him) The exalted in Might, The All-Knowing." [Al-Qur'an 36]

The expanding universe

"With the power and skill Did We construct The Firmament: For it is We Who create The vastness of Space." [Al-Qur'an 51]

2. Physics

The existence of subatomic particles

"The Unbelievers say, 'Never to us will come The Hour': say, 'Nay! But most surely, By my Lord, it will come Upon you by Him Who knows the unseen, From Whom is not hidden The least little atom In the Heavens or on earth: Nor is there anything less Than that, or greater, but Is in the Record Perspicuous." [Al-Qur'an 34]

3. Geography

The water cycle

"Seest thou not that Allah Sends down rain from The sky, and leads it Through springs in the earth? Then He causes to grow, Therewith, produce of various Colours." [Al-Qur'an 39]

"He sends down rain From the sky And with it gives life to The earth

After it is dead: Verily in that are Signs For those who are wise." [Al - Qur'an 30]

"And We send down water From the sky according to (Due) measure, and We cause it To soak in the soil; And We certainly are able To drain it off (with ease)." [Al-Qur'an 23]

The winds impregnate the clouds

"And We send the fecundating winds, Then cause the rain to descend From the sky, therewith providing You with water (in abundance)." [Al - Qur'an 15]

"It is Allah Who sends The Winds, and they raise The Clouds: then does He Spread them in the sky As He wills, and break them Into fragments, until thou seest Raindrops issue from the midst Thereof: then when He has Made them reach such Of His servants as He wills, Behold, they do rejoice!" [Al-Qur'an 30]

The water cycle is described in several other verses of the Glorious Qur'an, including 3:9, 7:57, 13:17, 25:48- 49, 36:34, 50:9-11, 56:68-70, 67:30 and 86:11.

4. Geology

Mountains are like pegs (Stakes)

"Have We not made The earth as a wide Expanse, And the mountains as pegs?" [Al-Qur'an 78:6-7]

"And We have set on the earth Mountains standing firm, Lest it should shake with them." [Al-Qur'an 21]

Mountains are firmly fixed

"And the mountains Hath He firmly fixed." [Al-Qur'an 79]

A similar message is contained in the Qur'an in 88:19, 31:10 and 16:15.

5. Oceanology

Barrier between sweet and salt water

"He has let free the two bodies Of flowing water, Meeting together: Between them is a Barrier Which they do not transgress." [Al-Qur'an 55:19-20]

"And made a separating bar between the two bodies Of flowing water? [Al-Qur'an 27]

"And made a separating bar between the two bodies Of flowing water?" [Al-Qur'an 27]

Darkness in the depths of the oceans

"Or (the Unbelievers' state) Is like the depths of darkness In a vast deep ocean, Overwhelmed with billow Topped by billow, Topped by (dark) clouds: Depths of darkness, one Above another: if a man Stretches out his hand, He can hardly see it! For any to whom Allah Giveth not light, there is no light!" [Al-Qur'an 24]

"Darkness in a vast deep ocean overwhelmed with waves topped by waves."

6. Biology

Every living thing is made up of water

"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one Unit of Creation), before We clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" [Al-Qur'an 21]

"And Allah has created Every animal from water." [Al-Qur'an 24]

"It is He Who has Created man from water: Then has He established Relationships of lineage And marriage: for thy Lord Has power (over all things)." [Al-Qur'an 25]

7. Botany

The plants created in pairs (male and female)

'And has sent Down water from the sky.' With it have We produced Diverse pairs of plants Each separate from the others." [Al-Qur'an 20]

The fruits created in pairs (male and female)

"And fruit Of every kind He made In pairs, two and two." [Al-Qur'an 13]

Every thing made in pairs (male and female)

"And of everything We have created pairs." [Al-Qur'an 51]

"Glory to Allah, Who created In pairs all things that The earth produces, as well as Their own (human) kind And (other) things of which They have no knowledge." [Al-Qur'an 36]

8. Zoology

Animals and birds live in communities

"There is not an animal (That lives) on the earth, Nor a being that flies On its wings, but (forms Part of) communities like you." [Al-Qur'an 6]

The flight of the birds

"Do they not look at The birds, held poised In the midst of (the air And) the sky? Nothing Holds them up but (the power Of) Allah. Verily in this Are Signs for those who believe." [Al-Qur'an 16]

"Do they not observe The birds above them, Spreading their wings And folding them in? None can uphold them Except (Allah) Most Gracious: Truly it is He That watches over all things." [Al-Qur'an 67]

The bee

"And thy Lord taught the Bee To build its cells in hills, On trees, and in (men's) habitations; Then to eat of all The produce (of the earth), And find with skill the spacious Paths of its Lord." [Al-Qur'an 16:68-69]

"The parable of those who Take protectors other than Allah Is that of the Spider, Who builds (to itself) A house; but truly The flimsiest of houses Is the Spider's house, If they but knew." [Al-Qur'an 29]

The lifestyle and the communication of ants

"And before Solomon were marshaled His hosts of Jinns and men And birds, and they were all Kept in order and ranks. At length, when they came To a (lowly) valley of ants, One of the ants said: 'O ye ants, get into Your habitations, lest Solomon And his hosts crush you (Under foot) without knowing it." [Al-Qur'an 27:17-18]

9. Medicine

"There issues From within their bodies A drink of varying colours, Wherein is healing for men." [Al-Qur'an 16]

10. Physiology

The blood circulation and the production of milk

"And verily in cattle there is A lesson for you. We give you to drink Of what is inside their bodies, Coming from a conjunction Between the contents of the Intestine and the blood, A milk pure and pleasant for Those who drink it." [Al-Qur'an 16]

"And in cattle (too) ye Have an instructive example: From within their bodies We produce (milk) for you To drink; there are, in them, (Besides), numerous (other) Benefits for you; And of their (meat) ye eat." [Al-Qur'an 23]

11. Embryology

Man is created from Alaq; a leach-like substance

"Proclaim! (or Read!) In the name Of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created, Created man, out of A (mere) clot Of congealed blood." [Al-Qur'an 96:1-2]

Man created from a drop emitted from between the back bone and ribs

"Now let man but think From what he is created! He is created from A drop emitted, Proceeding from between The back bone and the ribs." [Al-Qur'an 86:5-7]

Human beings created from Nutfah (minute quantity of liquid)

This is mentioned in several verses of the Qur'an including 22:5, 23:13, 16:4, 18:37, 35:11, 36:77, 40:67, 53:46, 75:37, 76:2 and 80:19.

Human beings created from Sulalah (quintessence of liquid)

"And made his progeny From a quintessence Of the nature of A fluid despised." [Al-Qur'an 32]

Man created from Nutfatun Amshaaj (mingled liquid)

"Verily We created Man from a drop Of mingled sperm." [Al-Qur'an 76]

Sex determination

"That He did create In pairs, male and female, From a seed when lodged (In its place)." [Al-Qur'an 53:45-46]

"Was he not a drop of sperm emitted (In lowly form)? Then did he become A clinging clot; Then did (Allah) make And fashion (him) In due proportion. 'And of him He made Two sexes, male And female." [Al-Qur'an 75:37-39]

Foetus protected by three veils of darkness

"He makes you, In the wombs of your mothers, In stages, one after another, In three veils of darkness." [Al-Qur'an 39]

"Man We did create From a quintessence (of clay); Then We placed him As (a drop of) sperm In a place of rest, firmly fixed; Then We made the sperm Into a clot of congealed blood; Then of that clot We made A (foetus) lump; then We Made out of that lump Bones and clothed the bones With flesh; then We developed Out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, The Best to create!" [Al-Qur'an 23:12-14]

"Was he not a drop Of sperm emitted (In lowly form)? Then did he become a clinging clot; Then did (Allah) make and fashion (him) In due proportion. And of him He made Two sexes, male and female." [Al-Qur'an 75:37-39]

"Him Who created thee, fashioned thee in due proportion, And gave thee a just bias; In whatever Form He wills, Does He put thee together." [Al-Qur'an 82:7-8]

Embryo partly formed and partly unformed

"We created you Out of dust, then out of Sperm, then out of a leech-like Clot, then out of a morsel Of flesh, partly formed And partly unformed." [Al-Qur'an 22]

The sense of hearing and sight

"And He gave You (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (And understanding)." [Al-Qur'an 32]

"Verily We created Man from a drop Of mingled sperm, In order to try

Him: So We gave him (the gifts), Of Hearing and Sight." [Al-Qur'an 76]

"It is He Who has created For you (the faculties of) Hearing, sight, feeling And understanding: little thanks It is ye give!" [Al-Qur'an 23]

12. The general science

The finger prints

"Does man think that We Cannot assemble his bones? Nay, We are able to put Together in perfect order The very tips of his fingers." [Al-Qur'an 75:3-4]

Pain receptors present there in the skin

"Those who reject Our signs, We shall soon Cast into the Fire; As often as their skins Are roasted through, We shall change them For fresh skins, That they may taste The Penalty: for Allah Is Exalted in Power, Wise." [Al-Qur'an 4]

The Qur'an contains a complete code of life for the individual and society. Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), the Qur'anic way of life is far superior to the all other ways of life and of all the other versions that modern man has invented out of sheer ignorance. Who can give better guidance than the Creator Himself?

A detailed version of this article will soon be available on line (Insha Allah). If you have any questions, queries, comments, criticism or misconceptions about the Islam you are always welcomed: moughera@gmail. com. Due to extreme busy routine of mine I may not be able to reply your mail frequently but all the mails are read and answered.


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